The Tower of David Museum of the History of Jerusalem (est. 1988) is located in the Citadel compound, an important historical and archeological site containing finds from the First Temple Period (960-586 BCE), parts of a tower and the city wall from Hasmonean times (first century BCE), and the base of a huge tower built by Herod (37-4 BCE).
The non-artifact museum covers 4,000 years of Jerusalem's history, from its beginnings as a Canaanite city to modern times. Exhibits are divided according to periods, with a 'time line' in each room depicting main events, as well as displays making use of maps, videotapes, holograms, drawings, and models. Temporary exhibitions, not necessarily on related subjects, take advantage of the beautiful setting to display sculpture, installation art, and other works.
Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority
in Jerusalem, is dedicated to perpetuating the memory of the six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust. Renovated and enlarged in 2005, it includes the New Holocaust History Museum (within it the Hall of Names of victims of the Holocaust), the Museum of Holocaust Art, the exhibitions pavilion, the Avenue of Righteous Gentiles, an archive, the Shrine of Remembrance with names of the extermination camps on the floor, the Children's Memorial Pavilion, and the Valley of the Destroyed Communities. Designed by Moshe Safdie, the museum aims to transport the visitor into an all-encompassing sensory, emotional, and intellectual experience.