Acquisition of nationality by birth is granted
- Persons who were born in Israel to a mother or a father who
- Persons born outside Israel, if their father or mother holds
citizenship, acquired either by birth in Israel, according to the
Return, by residence, or by naturalization.
- Persons born after the death of one of their parents, if the
parent was an Israeli citizen by virtue of the conditions
1. and 2. above at the time of death.
- Persons born in Israel, who have never had any nationality
to limitations specified in the law, if they:
- apply for it in the period between their 18th and 25th
- have been residents of Israel for five consecutive years,
preceding the day of the filing of their application.
Acquisition of Nationality according to the Law
On the establishment of the State, its founders proclaimed
of the Jewish State in the Land of Israel, which would open wide
of the homeland to every Jew..." In pursuance of this tenet, the
of Israel has absorbed survivors of the Holocaust, refugees from
countries in which they had resided, as well as many thousands of
who came to settle in Israel of their own volition.
The Law of Return (1950) grants every Jew, wherever he may be,
to come to Israel as an oleh (a Jew immigrating to
and become an Israeli citizen.
For the purposes of this Law, "Jew" means a person who was born
Jewish mother, or has converted to Judaism and is not a member of
Israeli citizenship becomes effective on the day of arrival in
or of receipt of an oleh's certificate, whichever is
A person may declare, within three months, that he/she does not
become a citizen.
An oleh's certificate may be denied to
Since 1970, the right to immigrate under this law has been
include the child and the grandchild of a Jew, the spouse of a
a Jew and the spouse of the grandchild of a Jew. The purpose of
amendment is to ensure the unity of families, where intermarriage
occurred; it does not apply to persons who had been Jews and had
voluntarily changed their religion.
- engage in activity directed against the Jewish people;
- may endanger public health or the security of the state;
- have a criminal past, likely to endanger public welfare.
Acquisition of Nationality by Residence
Special provision is made in the Nationality Law for former
British Mandatory Palestine. Those who remained in Israel from
establishment of the State in 1948 until the enactment of the
Nationality Law of 1952, became Israeli citizens by
residence or by return.
According to an amendment (1980), further possibilities to
citizenship by residence, were included in the law.
Acquisition of Nationality by
Adults may acquire Israeli citizenship by naturalization at the
discretion of the Minister of the Interior and subject to a
requirements, such as:
The Minister of the Interior may exempt an applicant from some of
- they must have resided in Israel for three years out of the
preceding the day of submission of the application.
- they are entitled to reside in Israel permanently and have
intend to settle in Israel;
- they have renounced their prior nationality, or have proved
will cease to be foreign nationals upon becoming Israeli