The Transformation of Israeli Cities- Tel-Aviv

The Transformation of Israeli Cities- Tel-Aviv












  A Garden City and a Metropolis

Tel-Aviv was founded in 1909 in order to realize the Zionist dream of a 'Hebrew City', with a high standard of life and culture. The city started out as a garden suburb, modest and yet prestigious, with low houses set amongst greenery.

The town continued to grow during the British Mandate period, and five years after adopting the Geddes Plan in 1929 became a city.

Decisive world events such as the Second World War accelerated the realization of the Zionist dream and the establishment of the State of Israel; furthermore, the convenient location of Tel-Aviv further encouraged its rapid develoment, and the city's growth outmatched any attempts at city planning.

As a result, the period between the 1950s and 1970s saw the city 'betraying' its original architectural principles: overintensive development of the city resulted in a dead-end from several aspects.

This process was first reversed in the 1980s when attempts were made to return the city to its original planning principles, with a view to establish its status as a metropolitan center.

Effort was now made at drawing up plans and architectural guidelines which would resolve this apparent paradox.

The projects presented in these panels have been chosen as representative of Tel-Aviv's urban transformations as the city enters the 21st century - projects which address and resolve the apparent contradiction of a garden city that is also a metropolitan center.

Shevi Sagiv


1887 Neve Tsedek founded 150 residents
1909 Ahuzat Bayit founded 300 residents
1925 "Geddes Plan" begun 34,000 residents
1934 City status attained 75,000 residents
1948 State of Israel declared 150,000 residents
1963 Population increase 394,000 residents
1985 Economic recession ends 322,000 residents
1996 Population today 360,000 residents
2010 Population forecast 470,000 residents
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