HIGHLIGHTS OF MAIN EVENTS- 1984-1988
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
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 HIGHLIGHTS OF MAIN EVENTS- 1984-1988

1/24/2001

 VOLUME 9-10: 1984-1988
 
CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS 1984-1988


1984
8 August Israeli and American negotiators start talks in Jerusalem on a U.S. Israel Free Trade Zone.
20 August The Director General of Sri Lanka's Ministry of Interior and Information visits Israel.
5 September The IDF transfers responsibility for the Nabatiyeh sector in Southern Lebanon to the SLA.
6 September In a speech to the Bnai Brith conference in Washington President Reagan reiterates his commitment to his 1 September 1982 peace plan, and rejects the creation of a Palestinian state.
13 September The government of national unity headed by Shimon Peres wins a vote of confidence in the Knesset (89 in favour, 18 against, 1 abstention).
16-20 September President Herzog pays an official visit to Holland.
18 September President Reagan invites Prime Minister Peres for talks at the White House on 9 October.
19 September Security arrangements in southern Lebanon are discussed by Mr. Peres and Defense Minister Rabin with UN Under-Secretary General Brian Urquart and the Norwegian Defense Minister.
20 September A car bomb kills 23 people in the U.S. embassy in Beirut. The U.S. Senate approves the Trade Bill including an agreement to constitute Free Trade Zone with Israel.
23 September Foreign Minister Shamir arrives in New York to head Israel's delegation to the UN General Assembly. He met in New York with foreign ministers of thirty countries, including Andrei Gromyko, the Polish and Egyptian foreign ministers.
7-14 October Prime Minister Peres hold talks in Washington with President Reagan and senior officials, Congressional leaders and UN Secretary General De Cuaillar as well as leaders of the Jewish community.
15 October U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger arrives in Israel on a two day visit.
24 October British Foreign Secretary Sir Jeffrey Howe visits Israel.
8 November Israeli and Lebanese military delegations start talks in Nakura on security arrangements in southern Lebanon prior to the IDF withdrawal.
3 December Speaking in the Knesset, Prime Minister Peres proposes to Jordan direct negotiations without prior conditions.
5-9 December Prime Minister Peres pays an official visit to France, meets President Mitterrand and leading members of his cabinet.
11 December Foreign Minister Shamir pays an official visit to Panama.
11 December U.S. and Israeli naval units hold joint maneuvers in the eastern Mediterranean.
14 December The UN General Assembly adopts a resolution stating, inter alia, that Israel is not a peace loving nation.
26 December Italy's Defense Minister Spadolini visits Israel.
1985
3 January Operation Moses, in which 7,500 Ethiopian Jews were airlifted to Israel ends prematurely due to disclosures.
9 January Israel jets bomb terrorist bases in the Bekaa Valley.
14 January The government resolved to redeploy the IDF in Lebanon in three stages. Stage one within five weeks will see the IDF withdrawing from Sidon and being redeployed in the Nabatiyeh-Litani sector; stage two will involve withdrawal in the eastern sector and in the final phase the IDF will be redeployed along the international border. There will be a buffer zone where local Lebanese forces, assisted by the IDF, will operate.
20 January The IDF commences stage I of the withdrawal.
27 January Egyptian and Israeli teams start talks in Beer Sheba on Taba. At their conclusion they agree to meet again to resolve the issue.
28 January Defense Minister Rabin visits Washington and holds talks with the secretaries of state and defense, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and other senior officials.
30 January Defense Minister Rabin meets with President Reagan in the White House. The U.S. announces that Israel will receive 1.8 billion dollars in military aid for the next fiscal year.
10-15 February President Herzog pays an official visit to Luxemburg and to Belgium, addresses the European Parliament in Strasburg.
11 February Arafat and King Hussein meet in Amman to coordinate their moves. Israel withholds its reaction pending publication of the Arafat - Hussein joint statement.
16 February The IDF completes the first stage of its withdrawal and redeployment. It is replaced in Sidon by units of the Lebanese army.
17 February In the Cabinet session, Prime Minister Peres again appeals to King Hussein to enter into negotiations with Israel without prior conditions.
18-20 February Prime Minister Peres, on an official visit to Italy, is received by Pope John Paul II, holds talks with Italy's leaders.
20-22 February Prime Minister Peres visit Bucharest and meets with President Ceaucescu and Prime Minister Dascelescu.
25 February Prime Minister Peres welcomes President Mubarak's statement calling for direct talks between Israel, Egypt, Jordan and the Palestinians under Egyptian and American auspices.
25 February Foreign Minister Shamir visits Paris for talks with President Mitterrand and Foreign Minister Dumas; then continues to Bonn and the Hague.
26 February President Mubarak's senior adviser Dr. Osama El Baz holds talks in Jerusalem with Prime Minister Peres and Ministers Rabin, Arens and Weizman. Energy Minister Shachal visits Cairo as guest of his Egyptian counterpart. Bavarian Prime Minister Strauss opens a three day visit to Israel.
27 February The Assistant Foreign Minister of Egypt, Badawi, holds talks in Jerusalem with Prime Minister Peres designed to promote the peace process.
1 March The director general of the Prime Minister's Office, Tamir, holds talks in Cairo and meets Prime Minister Kamal Hassan Ali.
3 March The Cabinet votes (17 to nil) to instruct the IDF to start the second stage of its deployment in Lebanon.
7 March Finance Minister Modai signs in Washington the Israel-U.S. Free Trade Zone agreement which has to be approved by the Knesset and Congress.
10 March 10 soldiers are killed and 14 wounded in a car bomb explosion outside Metulla.
11 March The IDF operates north of the Litani River killing 34 terrorists, arresting scores of suspects and blowing up 11 houses. Foreign Minister Shamir meets in Brussels with Claude Cheysson of the EEC, Belgium's Foreign Minister Tindemans and NATO's Secretary General Carrington.
12 March The U.S. vetoes a Lebanese draft resolution condemning the Israeli Iron Fist policy in Lebanon. France supports the condemnation.
13 March Foreign Minister Shamir holds talks in Ottawa with Premier Mulroony and Foreign Minister Clark.
5 April The U.S. invites Israel to participate in research for the S.D.A. (also known as Star Wars).
13 April The IDF completes stage 2 of its redeployment in Lebanon when it leaves the Nabatiyeh area.
15 April Minister Ezer Weizman holds talks in Cairo with President Mubarak in an effort to arrange a Peres-Mubarak summit. Assistant Secretary of State Murphey holds talks in Jerusalem on promoting the peace process,
20 April The Israeli navy sinks a terrorist ship some 200 kms. at sea. 20 drown and 8 are captured.
24 April The IDF completes its withdrawal from the Bekaa Valley, Jebel Barukh and Jezzin.
1 May The U.S. authorizes 1.5 billion dollar emergency aid to Israel.
10 May Foreign Minister Shamir holds talks with Italian leaders in Rome.
12-17 May Zaire's President Mobuto Sesse Seku pays an official visit to Israel.
20 May In a prisoner exchange, Israel receives three soldiers held by the Jibril organization in return for 1,150 terrorists including many sentenced to long prison terms.
27 May Egypt's Oil Minister Kandil delivers a personal note from President Mubarak to Prime Minister Peres. Egypt wants to solve all outstanding issues and promote normalization.
16 June President Herzog arrives in Dublin starting a state visit to Ireland. The Inner Cabinet is deadlocked on the issue of resolving the Taba dispute by international arbitration.
18 June An Israeli economic delegation returns from China.
24 June Israel releases 31 Lebanese detainees in an effort to help the U.S. obtain the release of passengers hijacked abroad a TWA airliner in Beirut.
1 July The Cabinet proclaims an-emergency economic program to curb inflation. The budget is reduced, prices rise, an 18.8% devaluation of the Shekel and additional taxes are levied.
17 July Three Israeli delegations proceed to China to sign cooperation agreements in agriculture, hotel development and textile.
1 August The U.S. Congress approves a 3 billion dollar aid package to Israel (1.2 billion economic and 1.8 billion military).
12 August The Honduran foreign minister visits Israel.
21 August Egypt's minister of tourism visits Israel.
24 August The Israel-U.S. Free Trade Zone Agreement is ratified.
5 September Foreign Minister Shamir starts an official visit to Japan.
1 October Israeli airforce jets bomb PLO and Force 17 headquarters in Tunisia following continuous attacks on Israelis abroad and in Lebanon.
3 October The U.S. abstains during a Security Council vote condemning Israel for the attack on the PLO headquarters in Tunis.
5 October Egyptian soldier kills seven Israeli civilians touring in the Ras Bourka area in Sinai.
8-11 October Official visit to Israel of Germany's President Richad Von Weizecker.
13-18 October The president of Costa Rica, Luiz Alberto Monje, visits Israel.
15 October Prime Minister Peres leaves for talks in the United States with President Reagan and senior administration officials.
21 October Prime Minister Peres addresses the UN General Assembly.
6 November The IDF and the U.S. army hold joint exercises.
19 November 2 Syrian MIGs and downed by Israeli jets over Lebanon are Israel clarifies that it has no interest in escalating the tension with Syria.
21 November Jonathan Pollard is arrested in Washington, charged with spying for Israel.
4 December The Chief of staff reveals that Saudi Arabia stationed F-5 jets in the Tobuk airbase south of Eilat.
8 December French Foreign Minister Dumas holds talks in Jerusalem with Prime Minister Peres and Foreign Minister Shamir.
16 December Israel acts through diplomatic channels to bring about the withdrawal of Syrian SA 2 missile batteries from areas near the Lebanese border.
18 December Prime Minister Peres meets in Geneva with Ivory Coast President Houphouet Boigny. The two countries will resume diplomatic relations.
28 December Terrorists attack El-Al counters in the Rome and Vienna airports killing 15 innocent bystanders.
19 November 2 Syrian MIGs are downed by Israeli jets over Lebanon. Israel clarifies that it has no interest in escalating the tension with Syria.
1986
3 January Washington reports that Syria had withdrawn SA 6 and SA 8 missiles from Lebanese territory.
13 January The Inner Cabinet decides that Israel will agree to the resolution of the Taba dispute through international arbitration in return for the fulfillment by Egypt of the normalization agreement and the return of the Egyptian ambassador to Israel.
17 January Israel and Spain sign in the Hague an agreement to establish diplomatic relations.
19 January Prime Minister Peres visits Holland, Britain and Germany, holds talks with the leaders of the three countries as well as with Richard Murphey and Spain's premier Gonsales.
27 January Minister Weizman has talks in Cairo with President Mubarak.
28 January The Uruguayan foreign minister visits Israel.
4 February The Israeli airforce intercepts a Lybian executive jet en route to Damascus after hearing that terrorist leaders might be on board. The plane was released. The U.S. vetoes a Syrian resolution in the Security Council condemning Israel.
12 February The Ivory Coast and Israel announce the restoration of diplomatic relations.
17 February 2 IDF soldiers and an SLA soldier are kidnapped in southern Lebanon by Shi'ite terrorists. Efforts to retrieve the kidnapped fail after extensive military operations on land and at sea.
27 March Four Israelis are wounded in a katyusha attack on Kiryat Shmona. Airforce jets and SLA artillery retaliate.
1-5 May Uruguay's President Sanguinetti visits Israel.
3 May Defense Minister Rabin and Defense Secretary Weinberger sign a Memorandum of Understanding on Israel's participation in the Strategic Defense Initiative.
24-27 May Official visit to Israel of Britain's Prime Minister Thatcher.
8 June The Cabinet issues a statement reiterating the close Israel - U.S. relations on the backdrop of the Pollard Affair.
22-24 July Prime Minsiter Peres visits Morocco, meets King Hassan II. A joint communique is issued at the conclusion of the visit.
27-30 July U.S. Vice President Bush visits Israel.
3-6 August Egyptian Tourism Minister Sultan visits Israel for talks on the promotion of tourism.
13 August The Inner Cabinet approves a compromise over the Taba issue.
18 August Israeli and Soviet delegations meet in Helsinki.
24-26 August Prime Minister Peres visits Cameroon. At the conclusion of the visit both countries announce the restoration of diplomatic relations.
11-12 September Prime Minister Peres and President Mubarak hold talks in Alexandria.
22 September Prime Minister Peres holds talks in Washington with senior administration officials and in New York with Soviet Foreign Minister Shevardnadze.
30 September Japan's Deputy Foreign Minister Shinichi Yanai visits Israel.
20 October The rotation agreement is implemented when Mr. Shamir becomes Prime Minister and Mr. Peres Vice Premier and Minister for Foreign Affairs.
21 November President Herzog starts a visit to Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Tonga, Hong Kong, Singapore and Sri Lanka.
4 December Israel and Italy sign an agreement on fighting terrorism and drugs.
1987
8 January Foreign Minister Peres visits Italy as guest of the Italian Socialit Democratic Party.
21 January Foreign Minister Peres holds talks in London, Paris and Brussels.
9 February The first batch of F- 16 jet fighters arrive in Israel.
14 February Israel wins a status of a U.S. ally who is not a member of NATO.
16 February Prime Minister Shamir leaves for talks in Washington with President Reagan and senior members of his administration.
25 February Foreign Minister Peres visits Cairo and holds talks with President Mubarak.
4 March Jonathan Pollard is sentenced to life imprisonment and his wife to 5 years in jail for spying for Israel.
18 March The Inner Cabinet denounces the Apartheid policy of South Africa and limits Israel's security ties with Pretoria.
1 April President Herzog starts an official visit to Switzerland.
4 April Foreign Minister Peres visits Rome and Madrid.
5-8 April Official visit to Germany by President Herzog.
8 April Foreign Minister Peres holds talks in Rome with two senior Soviet officials.
5 May An Israeli diplomat opens an Israeli Office of Interests in Warsaw.
13 May The Inner Cabinet fails to approve the Peres-Hussein agreement in London regarding an international peace conference.
16 May Panama's President Daloya visits Israel.
9 June Togo and Israel resume diplomatic relations.
14 June Prime Minister Shamir visits Togo, Cameroon and Liberia, holds talks in Nairobi.
1 July Defense Minister Rabin holds talks in Washington on the Lavi jet fighter project.
9 July Foreign Minister Peres meets in Geneva with Egyptian President Mubarak.
12 July A Soviet Consular mission arrives in Israel, the first since 1967.
17 August Prime Minister Shamir visits Rumania, meets with President Ceaucescu.
30 August The Cabinet decides to halt the production of the Lavi.
7-9 September Defense Minister Rabin pays an official visit to Germany.
14 September Israel and Hungary sign an agreement in Bern for the opening of Offices of Interests in their respective countries.
16 September The Cabinet approves a series of measures designed to limit trade, sports and cultural ties with South Africa.
29 September In a speech to the General Assembly, Foreign Minister Peres calls for the convening of an international peace conference for the Middle East.
30 September Foreign Minister Peres meets in New York with the Chinese foreign minister.
4 October The Japanese foreign minister visits Israel.
16 October Secretary of State Shultz visits Israel for talks on a formula to renew the peace process.
19 October Speaking at the opening of the Knesset's winter session, Prime Minister Shamir rejects the idea of an international conference.
1 November Visit to Israel of France's Prime Minister Chirac.
3 November Official visit to Denmark by President Herzog.
9-16 November President Herzog pays an official visit to the United States.
18 November Prime Minister Shamir leaves for talks in the U.S. Foreign Minister Peres leaves for talks in Western European capitals, meets with Senegal's president in Brussels.
25 November 6 Israeli soldiers are killed in a camp near Kiryat Shmona by a terrorist who reached Israel on a glider.
30 November Official visit to Israel of the foreign minister of Greece.
10 December Beginning of the uprising (Intifada) in the territories.
14 December Defense Minister Rabin and Secretary of Defense Carlucci sign in Washington a Memorandum of Understanding valid for ten years.
18 December Italy's President Kossiga and his Foreign Minister Andreotti visit Israel.
1988
2 January Israeli jets attack terrorist bases near Sidon.
3 January Five residents of the territories are expelled, accused of hostile activities and incitement.
6 January The Security Council adopts a resolution calling on Israel to refrain from expelling Palestinians from the areas.
13 January Four additional residents are expelled from the territories to Lebanon, accused of organizing disorder and calling on the population to rise against Israel.
17 January UN Deputy Secretary General Marek Goulding ends a visit to the territories after proposing the stationing of UN observers in refugee camps. Israel rejects the proposal.
18 January The U.S. vetoes a Security Council draft resolution condemning Israel for bombing raids in Lebanon. Germany's Foreign Minister Genscher visits Israel.
25 January Defense Minister Rabin says the uprising will require additional IDF forces in the territories.
30 January Prime Minister Shamir expresses reservations over Secretary of State Shultz's plan which includes an interim arrangement for the inhabitants of the territories, an international opening session, bilateral talks on permanent settlement. Shultz called for the implementation of his plan in the course of 1988.
9 February U.S. Special Envoy Murphy arrives in Israel for talks on the American Middle East peace plan.
23 February Chaim Herzog is re-elected by the Knesset for a second term as President of Israel.
25 February U.S. Secretary of State Shultz arrives in Israel to promote his peace initiative. Disturbances spread in the territories.
28 February During their talks, Prime Minister Shamir expressed his reservations to Secretary Shultz on the American peace initiative.
4 March Secretary Shultz formally presents his proposals for the resumption of the peace process. Israel is asked to respond within ten days.
7 March Three terrorists infiltrate from Egypt, commandeer a bus near Dimona killing three Israeli civilians before being shot dead. Israel opens an Interest section in the Swiss embassy in Budapest. Sweden's foreign minister visits Israel.
9 March The European Parliament refuses to approve Israel-EEC trade agreements in protest against Israel's policy in the territories. The Inner Cabinet fails to take a decision on the 4 March Shultz document. The prime minister is totally opposed to the American initiative.
12 March Israeli planes attack terrorist bases east of Sidon.
13 March Prime Minister Shamir leaves for talks in Washington.
14-16 March Prime Minister Shamir meets in Washington with President Reagan, Secretary Shultz, and other leading members of the administration as well as Congressional leaders.
3 April Secretary of State Shultz arrives in Israel for another round of talks on his peace plan.
21 April Israel and the United States sign a Memorandum of Understanding dealing with military, political, economic and scientific cooperation.
26 April In a clash on Mount Dov in southern Lebanon, two Israeli officers are killed.
2-4 May An IDF force begins a flushing out operation in and beyond the southern Lebanon security zone. In clashes with Shiite forces, three Israeli soldiers are killed and 17 wounded.
17 May Foreign Minister Peres meets in Washington with President Reagan and senior administration officials.
5 June Secretary of State Shultz visits Israel again to promote his peace initiative.
9 June Prime Minister Shamir meets in New York with Soviet Foreign Minister Shevardnadze. They agree to the stationing of an Israeli Consular Mission in Moscow. Prime Minister Shamir addresses a special session of the UN General Assembly on disarmament.
18 June Britain expels an Israeli diplomat for "running" a Palestinian agent.
26 June Japan's Foreign Minister Uno arrives in Israel on a one day visit.
27-28 June Defense-Minister Rabin holds talks in Washington with President Reagan and Defense Secretary Carlucci. At the conclusion of the visit the White House issued a statement announcing a joint Israel-U.S. development of the Arrow anti-missile missile and re-affirming U.S. commitment to Israel's security.
17 July Dutch Prime Minister Lubbers and Foreign Minister van den Broeck arrive in Israel for a three day working visit.
26 July The Israeli Consular Mission in Moscow begins to function.
31 July King Hussein announces the severance of legal and administrative ties between Jordan and the West Bank.
1 August Israel expels eight leaders of the uprising to Lebanon.
8 August An Israeli delegation arrives in Cairo for talks on the Taba issue.
5 September Commerce and Industry Ministry Sharon arrives in Warsaw for a visit.
7 September President Reagan invites Foreign Minister Peres to participate in a three day meeting with Egypt's foreign minister to promote the peace process.
14 September Prime Minsiter Shamir leaves on a two day visit to Hungary where he meets with the Hungarian premier, foreign minister and the leaders of the Jewish community.
19 September Israel launches into space the Ofeq 1 experimental satellite.
24 September Foreign Minister Peres and Egypt's Foreign Minister Meguid meet in Washington to discuss ways to end the political stalemate.
28 September Foreign Minister Pores addresses the UN General Assembly.
1 October An Israel Office of Interests in Poland begins to function autonomously in the old Israeli embassy building.
5 October Commerce and Industry Minister Sharon arrives in Bulgaria on a working visit.
11 October China agrees to the opening of an Israeli Scientific Exchange office in Beijing.
12 October The European Parliament approves the trade agreement with Israel by a large majority.
17-23 October Official visit to France by President Herzog.
19 October Seven IDF soldiers are killed near Metulla when a booby trapped car explodes.
21 October Israeli airforce jets attack terrorist bases in southern Lebanon.
1 November Israel elects the 12th Knesset. Likud wins 40 seats, Labour 39. The Religious parties obtain 18 seats.
2 November A Jewish cultural center is opened in Moscow.
15 November In Algiers, the Palestinian National Council proclaims the establishment of an independent Palestinian state.
21 November Israel protests to the Egyptian ambassador his country's recognition of the Palestinian state proclaimed in Algier.
23 November A representative of the Chinese Tourist Corporation establishes an office in Israel linked to a local travel agency.
29 November Israel and Egypt agree on procedures for the implementation of the Taba arbitration award.
10 December An IDF rescue team leaves for Armenia to help rescue survivors following a devastating earthquake there. 15 December The U.S. decides to enter into a dialogue with the PLO. Israel expresses its dismay. President Reagan and Secretary Shultz send messages of explanation to Israel.
22 December Prime Minister Shamir presents the new government to the Knesset, it wins a vote of confidence of 84 to 19. Mr. Peres is appointed Vice Premier and Finance Minister; Mr. Moshe Arens becomes Foreign Minister while Mr. Rabin continues as Defense Minister in the second government of national unity.
 
 
 
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