Declaration of Principles
on Interim Self-Government Arrangements
September 13, 1993
The Government of the State of Israel and the P.L.O. team (in the Jordanian-Palestinian delegation to the
Middle East Peace Conference) (the "Palestinian Delegation"), representing the Palestinian people, agree
that it is time to put an end to decades of confrontation and conflict, recognize their mutual legitimate and
political rights, and strive to live in peaceful coexistence and mutual dignity and security and achieve a
just, lasting and comprehensive peace settlement and historic reconciliation through the agreed political
process. Accordingly, the, two sides agree to the following principles:
AIM OF THE NEGOTIATIONS
The aim of the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations within the current Middle East peace process is, among
other things, to establish a Palestinian Interim Self-Government Authority, the elected Council (the
"Council"), for the Palestinian people in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, for a transitional period not
exceeding five years, leading to a permanent settlement based on Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338.
It is understood that the interim arrangements are an integral part of the whole peace process and that the
negotiations on the permanent status will lead to the implementation of Security Council Resolutions 242
FRAMEWORK FOR THE INTERIM PERIOD
The agreed framework for the interim period is set forth in this Declaration of Principles.
- In order that the Palestinian people in the West Bank and Gaza Strip may govern themselves according
to democratic principles, direct, free and general political elections will be held for the Council under
agreed supervision and international observation, while the Palestinian police will ensure public
- An agreement will be concluded on the exact mode and conditions of the elections in accordance with
the protocol attached as Annex I, with the goal of holding the elections not later than nine months after
the entry into force of this Declaration of Principles.
- These elections will constitute a significant interim preparatory step toward the realization of the
legitimate rights of the Palestinian people and their just requirements.
Jurisdiction of the Council will cover West Bank and Gaza Strip territory, except for issues that will be
negotiated in the permanent status negotiations. The two sides view the West Bank and the Gaza Strip as
a single territorial unit, whose integrity will be preserved during the interim period.
TRANSITIONAL PERIOD AND PERMANENT STATUS NEGOTIATIONS
- The five-year transitional period will begin upon the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and Jericho
- Permanent status negotiations will commence as soon as possible, but not later than the beginning of
the third year of the interim period, between the Government of Israel and the Palestinian people
- It is understood that these negotiations shall cover remaining issues, including: Jerusalem, refugees,
settlements, security arrangements, borders, relations and cooperation with other neighbors, and other
issues of common interest.
- The two parties agree that the outcome of the permanent status negotiations should not be prejudiced
or preempted by agreements reached for the interim period.
PREPARATORY TRANSFER OF POWERS AND
- Upon the entry into force of this Declaration of Principles and the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and
the Jericho area, a transfer of authority from the Israeli military government and its Civil Administration
to the authorised Palestinians for this task, as detailed herein, will commence. This transfer of authority
will be of a preparatory nature until the inauguration of the Council.
- Immediately after the entry into force of this Declaration of Principles and
the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and Jericho area, with the view to promoting economic development
in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, authority will be transferred to the Palestinians on the following
spheres: education and culture, health, social welfare, direct taxation, and tourism. The Palestinian side
will commence in building the Palestinian police force, as agreed upon. Pending the inauguration of the
Council, the two parties may negotiate the transfer of additional powers and responsibilities, as agreed
- The Israeli and Palestinian delegations will negotiate an agreement on the interim period (the "Interim
- The Interim Agreement shall specify, among other things, the structure of
the Council, the number of its members, and the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the Israeli
military government and its Civil Administration to the Council. The Interim Agreement shall also
specify the Council's executive authority, legislative authority in accordance with Article IX below, and
the independent Palestinian judicial organs.
- The Interim Agreement shall include arrangements, to be implemented upon the inauguration of the
Council, for the assumption by the Council of all of the powers and responsibilities transferred previously
in accordance with Article VI above.
- In order to enable the Council to promote economic growth, upon its inauguration, the Council will
establish, among other things, a Palestinian Electricity Authority, a Gaza Sea Port Authority, a Palestinian
Development Bank, a Palestinian Export Promotion Board, a Palestinian Environmental Authority, a
Palestinian Land Authority and a Palestinian Water Administration Authority, and any other Authorities
agreed upon, in accordance with the Interim Agreement that will specify their powers and
- After the inauguration of the Council, the Civil Administration will be
dissolved, and the Israeli military government will be withdrawn.
PUBLIC ORDER AND SECURITY
In order to guarantee public order and internal security for the Palestinians of the West Bank and the
Gaza Strip, the Council will establish a strong police force, while Israel will continue to carry the
responsibility for defending against external threats, as well as the responsibility for overall security of
Israelis for the purpose of safeguarding their internal security and public order.
LAWS AND MILITARY ORDERS
- The Council will be empowered to legislate, in accordance with the Interim Agreement, within all
authorities transferred to it.
- Both parties will review jointly laws and military orders presently in force in remaining spheres.
JOINT ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN LIAISON COMMITTEE
In order to provide for a smooth implementation of this Declaration of Principles and any subsequent
agreements pertaining to the interim period, upon the entry into force of this Declaration of Principles, a
Joint Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee will be established in order to deal with issues requiring
coordination, other issues of common interest, and disputes.
ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN COOPERATION IN ECONOMIC
Recognizing the mutual benefit of cooperation in promoting the development of the West Bank, the Gaza
Strip and Israel, upon the entry into force of this Declaration of Principles, an Israeli-Palestinian
Economic Cooperation Committee will be established in order to develop and implement in a cooperative
manner the programs identified in the protocols attached as Annex III and
Annex IV .
LIAISON AND COOPERATION WITH JORDAN AND
The two parties will invite the Governments of Jordan and Egypt to participate in establishing further
liaison and cooperation arrangements between the Government of Israel and the Palestinian
representatives, on the one hand, and the Governments of Jordan and Egypt, on the other hand, to
promote cooperation between them. These arrangements will include the constitution of a Continuing
Committee that will decide by agreement on the modalities of admission of persons displaced from the
West Bank and Gaza Strip in 1967, together with necessary measures to prevent disruption and disorder.
Other matters of common concern will be dealt with by this Committee.
REDEPLOYMENT OF ISRAELI FORCES
- After the entry into force of this Declaration of Principles, and not later than the eve of elections for the
Council, a redeployment of Israeli military forces in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip will take place, in
addition to withdrawal of Israeli forces carried out in accordance with Article XIV.
- In redeploying its military forces, Israel will be guided by the principle that its military forces should
be redeployed outside populated areas.
- Further redeployments to specified locations will be gradually implemented commensurate with the
assumption of responsibility for public order and internal security by the Palestinian police force pursuant
to Article VIII above.
ISRAELI WITHDRAWAL FROM THE GAZA STRIP AND
Israel will withdraw from the Gaza Strip and Jericho area, as detailed in the protocol attached as Annex II.
RESOLUTION OF DISPUTES
- Disputes arising out of the application or interpretation of this Declaration of Principles. or any
subsequent agreements pertaining to the interim period, shall be resolved by negotiations through the
Joint Liaison Committee to be established pursuant to Article X above.
- Disputes which cannot be settled by negotiations may be resolved by a mechanism of conciliation to be
agreed upon by the parties.
- The parties may agree to submit to arbitration disputes relating to the interim period, which cannot be
settled through conciliation. To this end, upon the agreement of both parties, the parties will establish an
ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN COOPERATION CONCERNING
Both parties view the multilateral working groups as an appropriate instrument for promoting a "Marshall
Plan", the regional programs and other programs, including special programs for the West Bank and Gaza
Strip, as indicated in the protocol attached as Annex IV .
- This Declaration of Principles will enter into force one month after its signing.
- All protocols annexed to this Declaration of Principles and Agreed Minutes pertaining thereto shall be
regarded as an integral part hereof.
Done at Washington, D.C., this thirteenth day of September, 1993.
For the Government of Israel
For the P.L.O.
The United States of America
The Russian Federation
PROTOCOL ON THE MODE AND CONDITIONS OF
- Palestinians of Jerusalem who live there will have the right to participate in the election process,
according to an agreement between the two sides.
- In addition, the election agreement should cover, among other things, the following issues:
- the system of elections;
- the mode of the agreed supervision and international observation and their personal composition;
- rules and regulations regarding election campaign, including agreed arrangements for the organizing
of mass media, and the possibility of licensing a broadcasting and TV station.
- The future status of displaced Palestinians who were registered on 4th June 1967 will not be prejudiced
because they are unable to participate in the election process due to practical reasons.
PROTOCOL ON WITHDRAWAL OF ISRAELI FORCES
FROM THE GAZA STRIP AND JERICHO AREA
- The two sides will conclude and sign within two months from the date of entry into force of this
Declaration of Principles, an agreement on the withdrawal of Israeli military forces from the Gaza Strip
and Jericho area. This agreement will include comprehensive arrangements to apply in the Gaza Strip and
the Jericho area subsequent to the Israeli withdrawal.
- Israel will implement an accelerated and scheduled withdrawal of Israeli military forces from the Gaza
Strip and Jericho area, beginning immediately with the signing of the agreement on the Gaza Strip and
Jericho area and to be completed within a period not exceeding four months after the signing of this
- The above agreement will include, among other things:
- Arrangements for a smooth and peaceful transfer of authority from the Israeli military government and
its Civil Administration to the Palestinian representatives.
- Structure, powers and responsibilities of the Palestinian authority in these areas, except: external
security, settlements, Israelis, foreign relations, and other mutually agreed matters.
- Arrangements for the assumption of internal security and public order by the Palestinian police force
consisting of police officers recruited locally and from abroad holding Jordanian passports and Palestinian
documents issued by Egypt). Those who will participate in the Palestinian police force coming from
abroad should be trained as police and police officers.
- A temporary international or foreign presence, as agreed upon.
- Establishment of a joint Palestinian-Israeli Coordination and Cooperation Committee for mutual
- An economic development and stabilization program, including the establishment of an Emergency
Fund, to encourage foreign investment, and financial and economic support. Both sides will coordinate
and cooperate jointly and unilaterally with regional and international parties to support these aims.
- Arrangements for a safe passage for persons and transportation between the Gaza Strip and Jericho
- The above agreement will include arrangements for coordination between both parties regarding
- Gaza - Egypt; and
- Jericho - Jordan.
- The offices responsible for carrying out the powers and responsibilities of the Palestinian authority
under this Annex II and Article VI of the Declaration of Principles will be located in the Gaza Strip and
in the Jericho area pending the inauguration of the Council.
- Other than these agreed arrangements, the status of the Gaza Strip and Jericho area will continue to be
an integral part of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and will not be changed in the interim period.
PROTOCOL ON ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN
COOPERATION IN ECONOMIC AND DEVELOPMENT
The two sides agree to establish an Israeli-Palestinian continuing Committee for Economic Cooperation,
focusing, among other things, on the following:
- Cooperation in the field of water, including a Water Development Program prepared by experts from
both sides, which will also specify the mode of cooperation in the management of water resources in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip, and will include proposals for studies and plans on water rights of each party,
as well as on the equitable utilization of joint water resources for implementation in and beyond the
- Cooperation in the field of electricity, including an Electricity Development Program, which will also
specify the mode of cooperation for the production, maintenance, purchase and sale of electricity
- Cooperation in the field of energy, including an Energy Development Program, which will provide for
the exploitation of oil and gas for industrial purposes, particularly in the Gaza Strip and in the Negev, and
will encourage further joint exploitation of other energy resources. This Program may also provide for the
construction of a Petrochemical industrial complex in the Gaza Strip and the construction of oil and gas
- Cooperation in the field of finance, including a Financial Development and Action Program for the
encouragement of international investment in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, and in Israel, as well as
the establishment of a Palestinian Development Bank.
- Cooperation in the field of transport and communications, including a Program, which will define
guidelines for the establishment of a Gaza Sea Port Area, and will provide for the establishing of transport
and communications lines to and from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to Israel and to other countries.
In addition, this Program will provide for carrying out the necessary construction of roads, railways,
communications lines, etc.
- Cooperation in the field of trade, including studies, and Trade Promotion Programs, which will
encourage local, regional and inter-regional trade, as well as a feasibility study of creating free trade zones
in the Gaza Strip and in Israel, mutual access to these zones, and cooperation in other areas related to
trade and commerce.
- Cooperation in the field of industry, including Industrial Development Programs, which will provide
for the establishment of joint Israeli- Palestinian Industrial Research and Development Centers, will
promote Palestinian-Israeli joint ventures, and provide guidelines for cooperation in the textile, food,
pharmaceutical, electronics, diamonds, computer and science-based industries.
- A program for cooperation in, and regulation of, labor relations and cooperation in social welfare
- A Human Resources Development and Cooperation Plan, providing for joint Israeli-Palestinian
workshops and seminars, and for the establishment of joint vocational training centers, research institutes
and data banks.
- An Environmental Protection Plan, providing for joint and/or coordinated measures in this sphere.
- A program for developing coordination and cooperation in the field of communication and media.
- Any other programs of mutual interest.
PROTOCOL ON ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN
COOPERATION CONCERNING REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
- The two sides will cooperate in the context of the multilateral peace efforts in promoting a
Development Program for the region, including the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, to be initiated by the
G-7. The parties will request the G-7 to seek the participation in this program of other interested states,
such as members of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, regional Arab states
and institutions, as well as members of the private sector.
- The Development Program will consist of two elements:
- an Economic Development Program for the 'West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
- a Regional Economic Development Program.
- The Economic Development Program for the West Bank and the Gaza strip will consist of the
- A Social Rehabilitation Program, including a Housing and Construction Program.
- A Small and Medium Business Development Plan.
- An Infrastructure Development Program (water, electricity, transportation and communications,
- A Human Resources Plan.
- Other programs.
- The Regional Economic Development Program may consist of the following elements:
- The establishment of a Middle East Development Fund, as a first step, and a Middle East
Development Bank, as a second step.
- The development of a joint Israeli-Palestinian-Jordanian Plan for coordinated exploitation of the Dead
- The Mediterranean Sea (Gaza) - Dead Sea Canal.
- Regional Desalinization and other water development projects.
- A regional plan for agricultural development, including a coordinated regional effort for the
prevention of desertification.
- Interconnection of electricity grids.
- Regional cooperation for the transfer, distribution and industrial exploitation of gas, oil and other
- A Regional Tourism, Transportation and Telecommunications Development Plan.
- Regional cooperation in other spheres.
- The two sides will encourage the multilateral working groups, and will coordinate towards their
success. The two parties will encourage intersessional activities, as well as pre-feasibility and feasibility
studies, within the various multilateral working groups.
AGREED MINUTES TO THE DECLARATION OF
PRINCIPLES ON INTERIM SELF-GOVERNMENT
A. GENERAL UNDERSTANDINGS AND AGREEMENTS
Any powers and responsibilities transferred to the Palestinians pursuant to the Declaration of Principles
prior to the inauguration of the Council will be subject to the same principles pertaining to Article IV, as
set out in these Agreed Minutes below.
B. SPECIFIC UNDERSTANDINGS AND AGREEMENTS
It is understood that:
- Jurisdiction of the Council will cover West Bank and Gaza Strip territory, except for issues that will be
negotiated in the permanent status negotiations: Jerusalem, settlements, military locations, and
- The Council's jurisdiction will apply with regard to the agreed powers, responsibilities, spheres and
authorities transferred to it.
Article VI (2)
It is agreed that the transfer of authority will be as follows:
- The Palestinian side will inform the Israeli side of the names of the authorised Palestinians who will
assume the powers, authorities and responsibilities that will be transferred to the Palestinians according to
the Declaration of Principles in the following fields: education and culture, health, social welfare, direct
taxation, tourism, and any other authorities agreed upon.
- It is understood that the rights and obligations of these offices will not be affected.
- Each of the spheres described above will continue to enjoy existing budgetary allocations in
accordance with arrangements to be mutually agreed upon. These arrangements also will provide for the
necessary adjustments required in order to take into account the taxes collected by the direct taxation
- Upon the execution of the Declaration of Principles, the Israeli and Palestinian delegations will
immediately commence negotiations on a detailed plan for the transfer of authority on the above offices in
accordance with the above understandings.
Article VII (2)
The Interim Agreement will also include arrangements for coordination and cooperation.
Article VII (5)
The withdrawal of the military government will not prevent Israel from exercising the powers and
responsibilities not transferred to the Council.
It is understood that the Interim Agreement will include arrangements for cooperation and coordination
between the two parties in this regard. It is also agreed that the transfer of powers and responsibilities to
the Palestinian police will be accomplished in a phased manner, as agreed in the Interim Agreement.
It is agreed that, upon the entry into force of the Declaration of Principles, the Israeli and Palestinian
delegations will exchange the names of the individuals designated by them as members of the Joint
Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee.
It is further agreed that each side will have an equal number of members in the Joint Committee. The
Joint Committee will reach decisions by agreement. The Joint Committee may add other technicians and
experts, as necessary. The Joint Committee will decide on the frequency and place or places of its
It is understood that, subsequent to the Israeli withdrawal, Israel will continue to be responsible for
external security, and for internal security and public order of settlements and Israelis. Israeli military
forces and civilians may continue to use roads freely within the Gaza Strip and the Jericho area.
Done at Washington, D.C., this thirteenth day of September, 1993.
For the Government of Israel
For the P.L.O.
The United States of America
The Russian Federation