ISRAEL at 58: A Statistical Glimpse
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
*

 ISRAEL at 58: A Statistical Glimpse

4/20/2006

 

Geography

Israel stands at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. Geographically, it belongs to the Asian continent. Its western border is the Mediterranean Sea. To the north it is bound by Lebanon and Syria, to the east by Jordan and to the south by the Red Sea and Egypt. Long and narrow in shape, Israel is about 290 miles (470 km.) long and 85 miles (135 km.) across at its widest point. Its total area is 22,072 sq km, of which 21,643 sq km is land area (Sea of Galilee: 164 sq km; Dead Sea: 265 sq km). Israel's total land border measures 857 km, its Mediterranean coastline 194 km, and 12 km on the Red Sea.

Geographical Regions

Arid Zones 45%
Plains and Valleys 25%
Mountains 16%
Rift Valley 9%
Coastal Strip 5%

Selected elevations:

Mt. Hermon, Golan - highest point in Israel 7,300 ft. 2,224 m.
Mt. Meron, Upper Galilee 3,964 ft. 1,208 m.
Mt. Ramon, Negev 3,396 ft. 1,035 m.
Mt. of Olives, Jerusalem 2,739 ft. 835 m.
Mt. Tabor, Lower Galilee 1,930 ft. 588 m.
Mt. Carmel, Haifa 1,792 ft. 546 m.
Dead Sea - lowest point on earth - 1,368 ft. - 417 m.

Natural resources

Raw materials for construction of buildings and roads: gravel and stone, sand, kurkar, clay, limestone, gypsum, and tuff.
Raw materials for manufacturing: potash, bromine, magnesium, salt, phosphates, sand, clay, and limestone.
Energy sources: natural gas, oil shale.


People

  1980 1990 2004
Population 3,921,700 4,821,700 6,869,500
Civilian labor force 1,318,100 1,649,900 2,678,500
Jews in Israel, as a percentage of world Jewry 25 30 40
Life expectancy
   Females
   Males

75.7
72.1

78.4
75.7

81.8
77.6
Infant mortality
(per 1000 live births)
15.6 9.9 4.9
School population 1,200,700 1,451,300 2,080,900
Percentage of the population (15+) with 13 years or more of formal schooling 19.2 25.3 40.3


Population by Religion

Jews 76.4%
Muslims 16.0%
Christians 2.1%
Druze 1.6%
Not classified by religion 3.8%

  Population Distribution

Urban localities 91.5%
Rural localities 8.5%
  Of which:
   Moshavim
   Kibbutzim

3.4%
1.7%


Largest cities by population
 

Jerusalem 706,400
Tel Aviv-Yafo 371,400
Haifa 268,300
Rishon Lezion 217,400
Ashdod 196,900

Immigrants by Continent
1948-2004

Europe 1,790,252
Africa 489,872
Asia 425,314
America & Oceania 234,826
Unknown 31,653

  Immigrants by Year of Immigration

1948-1951 688,000
1952-1959 272,000
1960-1969 374,000
1970-1979 346,000
1980-1989 154,000
1990-2001 1,060,091
2002-2004 77,733


Economy

Proposed State Budget, 2005: NIS 284.2 billion

  1980 1990 2004
Gross Domestic Product (US$ billions) 23.2 59.2 128.9
Net exports of goods (US$ billions) 5,291.9 11,603.1 33,812.6
thereof:
  Industrial products (excl. diamonds)
  Agricultural products

3,340.4
555.7

7,696.8
657.2

23,730.6
908.3
Net imports of goods (US$ billions) 7,845.7 15,107.1 40,356.1
Tourists arriving 1,065,800 1,131,700 1,505,500
Air passengers 2,847,000 3,720,000 7,524,000
Freight shipped by air (in tons) 105,800 194,160 332,850
Production of electricity (millions of kilwatt/hours) 12,400 20,900 46,989
Private cars 410,000 803,000 1,567,000


Education

University Students by Field of Study
(Total 124,416 students in 7 universities)

Humanities 25.5%
Social Sciences 22.8%
Science and mathematics 16.9%
Engineering 13.8%
Medicine 8.9%
Law 4.0%
Business & Administration 6.9%
Agriculture 1.3%


* Figures based on the Statistical Abstract of Israel, No. 56, 2005

 
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