Israel at 64: A statistical glimpse
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
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 Israel at 64: A statistical glimpse

4/22/2012


 
Geography

Israel stands at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. Geographically, it belongs to the Asian continent. Its western border is the Mediterranean Sea. To the north it is bound by Lebanon and Syria, to the east by Jordan and to the south by the Red Sea and Egypt. Long and narrow in shape, Israel is about 290 miles (470 km.) long and 85 miles (135 km.) across at its widest point. Its total area is 22,072 sq km, of which 21,643 sq km is land area (Sea of Galilee: 164 sq km; Dead Sea: 265 sq km). Israel's total land border measures 857 km, its Mediterranean coastline 194 km, and 12 km on the Red Sea.

The only river in Israel:
The Jordan River, approximately 250 km.
Main streams: Alexander, Besor, Hadera, Yarqon, Sa'ar, Qishon, and Soreq.


Geographical Regions

Arid zones 45%
Plains and valleys 25%
Mountains 16%
Rift valley 9%
Coastal strip 5%


Selected elevations:

Mt. Hermon, Golan - highest point in Israel 7,300 ft. 2,224 m.
Mt. Meron, Upper Galilee 3,964 ft. 1,208 m.
Mt. Ramon, Negev 3,396 ft. 1,035 m.
Mt. of Olives, Jerusalem 2,739 ft. 835 m.
Mt. Tabor, Lower Galilee 1,930 ft. 588 m.
Mt. Carmel, Haifa 1,792 ft. 546 m.
Dead Sea - lowest point on earth - 1,368 ft. - 417 m.


Natural resources

Raw materials for construction of buildings and roads: gravel and stone, sand, kurkar, clay, limestone, gypsum, and tuff.
Raw materials for manufacturing: potash, bromine, magnesium, salt, phosphates, sand, clay, and limestone.
Energy sources: natural gas, oil shale.

 

Climate

Israel is on a "climatic crossroad", which is a transitional area between a temperate and arid climate. The southern and eastern areas of Israel are characterized by an arid climate, while the other areas are characterized by a Mediterranean climate. Due to this climatic formation, there is high variability in the amount of precipitation from year to year, and in the different areas of the country.
The highest temperature ever recorded in Israel was 54°C (Tirat Zvi on 21 June 1942)
The lowest temperature ever recorded in Israel was -13.7°C (Bet Netofa Valley on 7 February 1950)


People

  1980 1990 2011
Population 3,921,700 4,821,700 7,746,000
Civilian labor force 1,318,100 1,649,900 3,147,100
Jews in Israel, as a percentage of world Jewry 25 30 43
Life expectancy
   Females
   Males

75.7
72.1

78.4
75.7

83.4
79.7
Infant mortality
(per 1000 live births)
15.6 9.9 3.7
School population 1,200,700 1,451,300 1,997,900
Percentage of the population (15+) with 13 years or more of formal schooling 19.2 25.3 44.3


Population by Religion

Jews 75.4%
Muslims 17.2%
Christians 2.0%
Druze 1.7%
Not classified by religion 3.7%

  Population Distribution

Urban localities 91.6%
Rural localities 8.4%
  Of which:
   Moshavim
   Kibbutzim

3.6%
1.7%


Largest cities by population
 

Jerusalem 788,100
Tel Aviv-Yafo 404,300
Haifa 268,200
Rishon Lezion 231,000
Ashdod 210,600

 

Immigrants by Year of Immigration 

1948-1951 688,000
1952-1959 272,000
1960-1969 374,000
1970-1979 346,000
1980-1989 154,000
1990-2001 826,300
2002-2010 206,400

Today, 70 percent of Israel's Jewish population were born in Israel.


Economy
  

  1980 1990 2010
Gross Domestic Product (NIS million) 116 111,804 813,000
Net exports of goods (US$ billions) 5,291.9 11,603.1 50,878.6
thereof:
  Industrial products (excl. diamonds)
  Agricultural products

3,340.4
555.7

7,696.8
657.2

40,607.1
1,326.8
Net imports of goods (US$ billions) 7,845.7 15,107.1 58,704.5
Tourists arriving 1,065,800 1,131,700 2,803,100
Air passengers 2,847,000 3,720,000 11,571,000
Freight shipped by air (in tons) 105,800 194,160 292,600
Production of electricity (millions of kilwatt/hours) 12,400 20,900 56,150
Private cars 410,000 803,000 2,053,250


Education

Students in Universities, Academic Colleges and Colleges of Education

1969/70 35,374
1979/80 53,355
1989/90 75,487
1999/00 170,953
2009/10 243,858
2010/11 251,800

University Students by Field of Study (2010/11)
(Total 123,960 students in 7 universities)

Humanities 21.4%
Social Sciences 24.4%
Science and mathematics 15.7%
Engineering 14.8%
Medicine 10.7%
Business & Administration 7.2%
Law 4.5%
Agriculture 1.3%


* Figures based on the 2011

 
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